What is SOC?
Security Operations Center is referred to as SOC. Cybersecurity experts monitor and evaluate a company’s networks and systems for security risks in a physical or virtual SOC, where they also react to security issues as they happen. Threat intelligence, incident detection and response, security monitoring, and incident investigation are just a few of the numerous responsibilities that the SOC is typically in charge of. A SOC’s objective is to promptly and efficiently identify and deal with cybersecurity threats in order to reduce the impact of security incidents on the enterprise.
What prerequisites does SOC have?
There are several prerequisites that are typically required for a SOC:
- Network architecture and topology - For the SOC to properly monitor and maintain an organization’s network, a thorough understanding of its topology and design is required.
- Security tools and technologies - In order to monitor and maintain the organization’s networks and systems, a SOC often needs a variety of security tools and technologies, including firewalls, intrusion detection and prevention systems, and security information and event management (SIEM) systems.
- Thread intelligence - To remain updated on the most recent cyberthreats and be able to counter them successfully, the SOC need access to threat intelligence sources, such as threat indicators and threat actor information.
- Incident response plan - To respond to security issues immediately and properly, the SOC needs a correctly specified incident response strategy. The SOC team’s roles and responsibilities, as well as the policies and processes to be followed in an attack, should be described in this document.
- Skilled personnel - To work efficiently, a SOC needs a team of qualified employees, such as security analysts and incident responders. These employees must be experienced in fields including threat intelligence, incident response, and network security.
- On-going maintenance - To be fully prepared for potential incidents, SOC has to be continuously maintained with the latest technologies and the team should be informed on new threats and incident responses.
What are SOC roles in Cybersecurity?
By regularly checking the organization’s networks and systems for security threats and events and responding to them promptly and efficiently, the Security Operations Center plays a crucial role in an organization’s cybersecurity efforts. Threat intelligence, incident detection and response, security monitoring, and incident investigation are just a few of the many tasks that the SOC is in charge of. The SOC team gathers and analyzes information about new cyber threats to the enterprise, then shares that expertise with other teams so that they may take preventative steps to stay safe.
Additionally, the SOC constantly keeps an eye on the organization’s networks and systems for any unusual activity and takes the necessary steps to look into and mitigate any possible risks. When a security incident occurs, the SOC team conducts thorough investigations to identify the actual issue and locate any security flaws that may have been exploited, making sure that the business is better prepared to resist future attempts.
What are the risks if the organization does not have a SOC department?
In a nutshell, a lack of a SOC can make an organization vulnerable to cyber-attacks and reduce its ability to recognize, investigate, and mitigate security problems.
Responding to security events as they happen is the job of a SOC. An organization can lack the skills or resources necessary to respond to incidents promptly and effectively without a SOC, which might result in more damage and disruption. What’s more, the risk of business disruption is in take.
A company without a SOC may be less capable of responding effectively to a potential threat, which might result in a greater recovery process and severely impact the company’s business and reputation.